Chambers County is named for a member of the 1819 Alabama constitutional convention, which created the state’s first constitution. During the Civil War, Fort Tyler was constructed in the county, by Confederate forces, to protect the railroad bridge across the Chattahoochee River. The fort is the site of one of the last battles of the war. After the war, the county became a center for textile manufacturing and numerous mill towns were established. The county courthouse in LaFayette features a statue honoring world boxing champion Joe Lewis, who was born nearby.