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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Satsuma is located in northeast Mobile County in the southwest corner of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
Satsuma was initially known as Fig Tree Island and in 1915 was renamed Satsuma after the booming satsuma orange-growing industry in the area. That industry had collapsed by 1924, after the vast longleaf pine forests to the north of the town, which shielded Satsuma from cold northern winds, had been cut down. Satsuma was incorporated in 1959.
According to the 2010 Census, Satsuma had a population of 6,168. Of that number, 88.7 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 26.9 percent as African American, 4.1 percent as Hispanic, 1.1 percent as two or more races, 1.1 percent as Asian, and 0.3 percent as Native American. The town's median household income, according to the 2010 Census, was $63,333, and the per capita income was $25,087.
According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Satsuma was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (24.3   percent)
· Manufacturing (17.8 percent)
· Retail trade (12.2 percent)
· Construction (11.3 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (6.4 percent)
· Transportation, warehousing, and utilities (5.9 percent)
· Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (5.0   percent)
· Wholesale trade (4.6 percent)
· Professional, scientific, and administrative and waste management   services (4.0 percent)
· Public administration (3.2 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services   (2.6 percent)
· Information (2.3 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (0.4 percent)
Schools in Satsuma are part of the Satsuma City Schools. They serve approximately 2,365 students and employ 136 teachers in one elementary school and high school.
Satsuma is served by U.S. Highway 43, which runs north-south through the town and Interstate 65, which runs northeast-southwest.
Events and Places of Interest
Satsuma has three city parks with facilities such as tennis courts, baseball and softball fields, a walking track, and playground equipment. The city also owns a lodge that may be rented for special occasions and parties.
Annual events in Satsuma include a Memorial Day Celebration, a Christmas Tour of Homes, and a Christmas Parade.
Satsuma School is listed on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage.
Additional Resources
Mobile County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Mobile County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.
Published:  September 28, 2012   |   Last updated:  October 31, 2012