Magnolia Cemetery is the largest and second-oldest historic cemetery in Mobile. It was established in 1836 after the city’s oldest burial site, the Church Street Graveyard, was closed to new burials. The cemetery covers 120 acres and holds 50,000 burial sites. Many and various distinguished Mobilians are buried in Magnolia, and points of interest include the Confederate Rest, established in 1836, which contains 1,100 military memorials; the National Cemetery, established in 1866, containing veterans’ graves from as far back as the Civil War; the Jewish Rest, established in 1844; and plots dedicated to specific organizations such as the Woodmen of the World, the Baymen’s Benevolent Association, and the Workingmen’s Timber and Cotton Benevolent Association.
Various types of funerary monuments in Magnolia Cemetery in Mobile, Mobile County. Innovations in stonecutting and carving technology and methods sparked a flourishing of decorative statuary in cemeteries beginning in the mid-nineteenth century.
Photograph by Justin Dubois
Caldwell Family Mausoleum
This large Gothic Revival mausoleum in Magnolia Cemetery was built for the Caldwell family. The patriarch, Edward Holland Caldwell, was born in Mobile in 1844 but moved to Troy, New York, as an adult and established a large fire hydrant and valve company in the city. After his death in 1872, his remains were returned to Mobile and buried in this large monument.
Photograph by Shelia Hagler
National Cemetery Section
The National Cemetery section of Magnolia Cemetery was established in 1866 to serve as the resting place for U.S. soldiers and veterans of the Civil War; a separate cemetery for Confederate soldiers was created elsewhere in the main cemetery. The National Cemetery section was later expanded to include veterans of all military conflicts.
This large decorative monument in Magnolia Cemetery features ornately carved marble relief elements and a large kneeling angel. It marks the gravesite of Augusta Kennedy Bloodgood (1833-1862), daughter of prominent Mobile landowner Joshua Kennedy and wife of New York railroad magnate Matthias Hildreth Bloodgood. She is buried in the plot with her three children, all of whom died before reaching the age of one.
Photograph by Justin Dubois
Merchant Marines Monument
Many fraternal organizations and workers' benevolent associations purchased plots for their members in Mobile's Magnolia Cemetery. This large monument marks the plot owned by the association representing the city's merchant marines.
Photograph by Claire Wilson
Gen. Braxton Bragg Grave Marker
The grave marker for Confederate general Braxton Bragg features symbols of his military service, including an officer's coat and saber. It is located in the Confederate Rest section of Magnolia Cemetery.