Jackson County was created the day before Alabama became a state in 1819. The county is home to Russell Cave National Monument, where archaeologists have found evidence of human habitation dating back more than 10,000 years. The site’s museum offers exhibits of artifacts found in the cave. Scottsboro, the county seat, is surrounded by natural beauty, including the Tennessee and Paint Rock rivers, which provides numerous recreational activities. The region’s experiences during the Civil War are addressed at both the Stevenson Railroad Depot Museum and Bridgeport Railroad Museum. The Scottsboro Boys Museum and Cultural Center commemorates a series of trials that became a significant turning point in U.S. legal and civil rights history.