Pine Apple

Snow Hill Normal and Industrial Institute Pine Apple is a town in eastern Wilcox County, in south-central Alabama. From the mid-1850s to the early twentieth century, Pine Apple was one of many Black Belt communities nourished by the cotton industry. Today the city is known for its historic buildings; several Pine Apple sites are listed in the National Register of Historic Places. Pine Apple has a mayor-council form of government.


The area’s earliest non-Indian settlers arrived in 1815, and in 1820 a community dubbed Friendship coalesced around Friendship Baptist Church. By 1851, the population had increased to the point that a post office was needed; because an Alabama town called Friendship already existed, the town had to change its name. The origin of Pine Apple’s distinctive name is uncertain. One theory identifies the town’s namesake as the pineapple fruit, a symbol of friendship, but the most frequently cited theory attributes the name to the area’s many pine and apple trees.

Moore Academy Pine Apple was officially incorporated by the state of Alabama in 1872. During the mid- and late nineteenth century, the town’s growth was fueled by Wilcox County’s booming cotton industry. Even during downturns in the cotton market, Pine Apple was sustained by both an expanding timber industry and the completion of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad’s line from Selma—en route to Pensacola—in 1871. In addition to cotton gins and sawmills, the town included a doctor’s office, pharmacy, bank, hotel, and newspaper. Pine Apple was also home to Moore Academy, a prominent public school founded in 1883 by educator and writer John Trotwood Moore.

On December 25, 1903, a fire that began in the town jail spread quickly and destroyed nearly all of Pine Apple’s business district. The town was later rebuilt and continued to prosper. According to the 1910 Census, the population of Pine Apple was 627, which rivaled Camden‘s population of 648. The town grew until 1967, when the Bank of Pine Apple (founded in 1903) closed. Following the bank closure, the general store, cotton mill, and sawmill also went out of business.


According to 2020 Census estimates, Pine Apple recorded a population of 137. Of that number, 70.8 percent identified themselves as white, 27.7 percent as African American, and 1.5 percent as American Indian. The city’s median household income was $33,750, and per capita income was $24,891.


According to 2020 Census estimates, the workforce in Pine Apple was divided among the following industrial categories:

  • Other services, except public administration (33.3 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (22.2 percent)
  • Educational services and health care and social assistance (18.5 percent)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extraction (7.4 percent)
  • Manufacturing (7.4 percent)
  • Retail trade (7.4 percent)
  • Public administration (3.7 percent)


Pine Apple is part of the Wilcox County School District. The town has one elementary school, with approximately 62 students and two teachers.


Pine Apple is intersected by State Route 10 (roughly east-west), which connects Pine Apple with Camden in the west and the city of Greenville in Butler County to the east. Route 10 also connects Pine Apple to Interstate 65 to the east.

Events and Places of Interest

Hawthorne House, 1937 Pine Apple has two sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Hawthorne House is a two-story, wood-frame plantation home commissioned by Joseph Richard Hawthorne in 1852. The property has been restored and has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 1985. Pine Apple’s historic district has been on the National Register of Historic Places since 1999 and includes 54 historic buildings, such as barns from the 1850s and the bank building erected in 1902.

Pine Apple’s biannual Front Porch Tour is held in the spring and offers visitors a closer look at the town’s historic structures. In the fall, Pine Apple also holds Hunter Appreciation Day to celebrate the opening of hunting season.

Further Reading

  • Hale, Jennifer. Historic Plantations of Alabama’s Black Belt. Charleston, S.C.: The History Press, 2009.
  • The Heritage of Wilcox County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.

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