Alabaster is located in central Alabama in Shelby County. It has a mayor/council form of government.


Downtown Alabaster The community that was to become Alabaster was created in the early 1920s as the site of employee housing for the Alabaster Lime Company; the community came to be known as Alabaster after both the business and the mineral, which is found in association with limestone. Its location along Highway 31, the main road at that time between Birmingham and Montgomery, aided in the area’s development. By 1933, the community had grown enough to warrant having its own water department, the Alabaster Water Works Company, although that entity was defunct by 1939. The Alabaster post office opened in 1951 and the first bank in 1952.

After a failed attempt in 1952, Alabaster was incorporated as a city on April 25, 1953, and a mayor and city council were elected soon after; at that time, the town listed a population of 427. In 1955, the Alabaster Water and Gas Board incorporated. Shelby Memorial Hospital, the first hospital in the county, opened in Alabaster in 1959. On April 27, 1971, the adjacent city of Siluria voted to merge with Alabaster.


According to 2020 Census estimates, Alabaster recorded a population of 33,373. Of that number, 72.1 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 16.8 percent as African American, 9.0 percent as Hispanic, 3.6 percent as two or more races, 1.5 percent as Asian, and 1.1 percent as Native American. The town’s median household income was $80,871, and the per capita income was $33,555.


According to 2020 Census estimates, the workforce in Alabaster was divided among the following industrial categories:

  • Educational services and health care and social assistance (25.0 percent)
  • Retail trade (12.3 percent)
  • Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (11.3 percent)
  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services (9.4 percent)
  • Manufacturing (9.3 percent)
  • Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (9.2 percent)
  • Construction (6.0 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (4.5 percent)
  • Other services, except public administration (4.4 percent)
  • Public administration (3.6 percent)
  • Wholesale trade (3.2 percent)
  • Information (1.4 percent)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extraction (0.3 percent)


Schools in Alabaster are part of the Shelby County School District; the city has an elementary, intermediate, middle, and high school.


Alabaster Skate Park Alabaster is intersected by U.S. Highway 31 (north-south) and lies less than a mile west of Interstate 65 (also north-south). The Shelby County Airport, with one runway, is located approximately five miles south of Alabaster and serves general aviation.

Events and Places of Interest

Each June, Alabaster holds a one-day CityFest featuring live entertainment, food, vendors, and children’s activities. The city also holds an annual Christmas parade. Alabaster has a several municipal parks with playgrounds, picnic tables and pavilions, walking trails, soccer, football, softball, and baseball fields, beach volleyball courts, and tennis courts.

Further Reading

  • The Heritage of Shelby County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1999.

External Links

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