Cusseta is located in southeast Chambers County in the east-central part of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government. Patrick Floyd Pat Garrett (1850-1908),
the sheriff who shot infamous outlaw Billy the Kid, was born near Cusseta.
Cusseta is located near the site of a Creek town of the same name. The current town of Cusseta developed along the Montgomery and West Point Railroad line after the Creeks were forced from their land in the early 1830s. The town was first known as Blackstone after a man named Black who had built a trading post in the area. The first post office was established in 1837, as was an all-male school, Cusseta Academy. A girls' academy opened in 1849 but closed in 1863. Cusseta Academy was burned by a Union raiding party led by Gen. James H. Wilson during the Civil War, as was the train depot and the train tracks. Cusseta was first incorporated in 1853, but that incorporation lapsed. The town reincorporated in 2007.
Cusseta's population according to the 2010 Census was 123. Of that number, 95.9 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 2.4 percent as African American, and 1.6 percent as Asian. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $28,750, and the per capita income was $18,719.
According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Cusseta was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (32.1 percent)
· Retail trade (25.0 percent)
· Manufacturing (17.9 percent)
· Construction (14.3 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (10.7 percent)
Students in Cusseta attend Chambers County schools; no public schools are located within the town limits.
Cusseta lies at the crossroads of County Road 83, which runs north-south, and County Road 389, which runs east-west and connects with Interstate 85 approximately four miles southeast of town. CSX Transportation Inc. runs a rail line through the town.
Events and Places of Interest
Fort Cusseta Historic Site, located just outside Cusseta, houses the remains of a log fort built by settlers in the mid-1830s during the period of Indian removal. Portions of the fort's massive walls still remain.
Chambers County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Chambers County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1999
James P. Kaetz
Published November 21, 2013
Last updated November 25, 2013