Bear Creek


Bear Creek is located in northeastern Marion County in the northwestern part of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.

History 

Bear Creek initially was known before the Civil War as Allen's Factory after a nearby textile factory, one of two in the area. After both factories were burned during the war, the town took the name of the nearby creek. J. R. Phillips moved to Bear Creek in the early 1880s and purchased land for 12.5 cents an acre, and then subdivided it into lots, essentially creating the town of Bear Creek. The town incorporated in 1907.

A view of Main Street storefronts in Bear Downtown Bear CreekThe town's greatest economic period was in the early twentieth century. The downtown area suffered significant damage from a fire in 1903 but was rebuilt. At one time the town supported several stores, a gristmill, a livery stable, a cotton gin, a hotel, and a blacksmith shop and had three doctors in practice. The town declined gradually as it lost business and population to nearby Haleyville, through which the Illinois Central Railroad had built a line, bypassing Bear Creek. In the latter half of the twentieth century, nearby manufactured homes factories helped sustain the local economy.

Demographics 

Bear Creek's population according to the 2010 Census was 1,070. Of that number, 97.1 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 1.8 percent as Hispanic or Latino, 1.2 percent as two or more races, 0.7 percent as Native American, 0.2 percent as Asian, and 0.1 percent as African American. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $33,438, and the per capita income was $16,907.

Employment 

According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Bear Creek was divided among the following industrial categories:

· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (18.2   percent)
· Manufacturing (17.2 percent)
· Retail trade (13.6 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (8.3 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (7.9 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (7.6 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services   (7.6 percent)
· Construction (6.3 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (3.8 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (2.6 percent)
· Information (2.5 percent)
· Wholesale trade (2.3 percent)
· Public administration (2.1 percent)

Education 

Schools in Bear Creek are part of the Marion County school system; the town has approximately 610 students and 39 teachers in one elementary school and one high school.

Transportation 

State Highway 13 runs on the eastern edge of Bear Creek, entering from the southeast and leaving the town going northeast. State Highway 172 terminates in town, entering from the west. State Highway 241 runs north-south through the western section of the town.

Events and Places of Interest 

The Upper Bear Creek Reservoir, located on the eastern side of town, offers fishing, camping, swimming, and other water sports. Bear Creek offers a 34-mile Class I floatway for canoes and kayaks. The Twin Forks Recreation Area includes baseball fields, basketball courts, and a sand volleyball court, as well as an outdoor stage, picnic areas, and a playground. Bankhead National Forest is located approximately 10 miles east of Bear Creek.

Additional Resources 

Marion County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Marion County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2000.

James P. Kaetz
Auburn University


Published July 15, 2013
Last updated July 16, 2013