Moundville is located in north-central Hale County and south-central Tuscaloosa County, with the majority of the town lying in Hale County, in the west-central part of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government. Moundville Archaeological Park is located within the town limits.
The area's first settlement was established 1823 under the name Carthage. At the time, the town already had eight stores, a warehouse, a grist mill, a cotton gin, and several saloons. The town's charter was revoked in 1826, the reasons for which are unclear. An especially hard winter in 1831 stressed the town's economy and thus its population, derailing its growth. Carthage remained primarily a farming community.
In 1891, A. H. Griffin bought 600 acres nearby and laid out a new town, which was named Moundville after the large Indian mounds that lay within the town limits. The existing community of Carthage became a part of the new town. The downtown area of Moundville was devastated in 1904 by a tornado, in which 37 people died. The citizens rebuilt, and by 1907 the state located a normal school in the town. The first newspaper was published in 1911.
In 1914, the Southern Pickle Company, a Birmingham-based business, located part of its operations in Moundville, which resulted in many of the local farmers switching to growing cucumbers for the company as a major cash crop.
Moundville's population according to the 2010 Census was 2,427. Of that number, 56.2 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 40.4 percent as African American, 1.8 percent as Hispanic or Latino, 1.4 percent as two or more races, 0.7 percent as Native American, and 0.7 percent as Asian. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $43,487, and the per capita income was $18,023.
According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Moundville was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (26.4 percent)
· Manufacturing (16.3 percent)
· Retail trade (13.2 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (9.4 percent)
· Public administration (9.0 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (5.9 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (4.5 percent)
· Construction (4.4 percent)
· Wholesale trade (3.9 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (3.5 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (3.3 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (0.3 percent)
Schools in Moundville are part of the Hale County school system; the town has approximately 965 students and 51 teachers in one elementary school and one high school.
State Highway 69 bisects Moundville, running south-northeast. County Road 50 runs southeast from town, and County Road 21 runs southwest.
Events and Places of Interest
Moundville Archaeological Park preserves a large number of Mississippian-Period earthen mounds and includes an archaeological museum and hiking trails; it is listed on the National Register of Historic
Places. The town also maintains baseball, softball, and football fields and has an active youth program for athletics.
Hale County Heritage Book Committee. Heritage of Hale County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc., 2001.
James P. Kaetz
Published May 3, 2013
Last updated May 6, 2013