Hartford is located in east-central Geneva County in the extreme southeast corner of the state, about ten miles from the Alabama/Florida line. It has a mayor/council form of government. Baseball Hall of Famer Early Wynn and NCAA Football Hall of Fame member Dixie Howell were born in Hartford.
Hartford was first known as Clemmons City after a local landholder who bought 80 acres and sold it off in lots. The town incorporated in 1896. In 1897, the town received both a new post office and a new name, Hartford. In 1900, the Central of Georgia Railway completed a line through Hartford. Agriculture was a mainstay in the local economy at this time.
Hartford's population according to the 2010 Census was 2,624. Of that number, 77.9 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 17.9 percent as black, 3.1 percent as Hispanic, 1.8 percent as two or more races, 0.6 percent as Native American, and 0.1 percent as Asian. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $26,086, and the per capita income was $16,507.
According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Hartford was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Construction (18.6 percent)
· Retail trade (18.6 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (18.3 percent)
· Manufacturing (12.1 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (8.0 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (7.8 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (4.9 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (4.3 percent)
· Public administration (3.4 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (2.1 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, administrative and waste management services (1.9 percent)
· Wholesale trade (0.7 percent)
Public schools in Hartford are part of the Geneva County School system; the town has approximately 731 students and 37 teachers in one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school.
State Highway 52 runs east-west through Hartford, and State Highway 167 runs northwest-southeast. State Highway 123 runs northeast from town. The Geneva Municipal Airport is located approximately 10 miles southwest of Hartford.
Events and Places of Interest
Hartford holds the Hartford Holiday Festival the second Saturday in December.
Geneva County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Geneva County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.
James P. Kaetz
Published June 1, 2012
Last updated March 15, 2013