Clio


Clio is located in southwest Barbour County in the southeast corner of Alabama. It has a mayor/council form of government. Clio is the birthplace of Alabama governor George Wallace, Baseball Hall of Fame pitcher Don Sutton, and Elton B. Stephens, founder of EBSCO Industries.

History 

Originally known as Adkinson's Head, Clio got its first post office in 1860. By 1869, the town had been given its current name, which is the Latin spelling of Kleio, the Greek word for "glory." By 1889, the Central of Georgia Railway Company had constructed and begun operating a line through Clio, which led to rapid growth of the town. Clio incorporated in 1890. Cotton and cattle production were mainstays of the local economy, as was a fertilizer facility, gins, and a naval stores distillery. The first telephone service was established in 1905, as was the first bank, and Clio got its first newspaper in 1906.

Barbour County High School (now located in Clayton) opened in town in 1911. Tragedy struck the town when a major train wreck occurred, killing a number of townspeople who were on the train. Like many other Alabama towns, the boll weevil infestation devastated the local economy. Diversification into crops such as peanuts helped bring the town economy back. A water and sewage system was established in at least part of the town in 1926. During World War II, Clio hosted a German prisoner-of-war camp.

Demographics 

Clio's population according to the 2010 Census was 1,399. Of that number, 36.5 percent of respondents identified themselves as African American, 36.0 percent as Hispanic, 32.0 percent as white, 0.5 percent as Asian, 0.4 percent as Native American, and 0.4 percent as two or more races. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $21,806, and the per capita income was $8,722.

Employment 

According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in Clio was divided among the following industrial categories:

· Manufacturing (27.7 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services   (14.6 percent)
· Retail trade (14.0 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (9.3   percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (8.5 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (7.6 percent)
· Public administration (6.4 percent)
· Construction (3.2 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (3.2 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (2.8 percent)
· Wholesale trade (1.9 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (0.8 percent)

Education 

No public schools are located in Clio; students attend Barbour County Schools.

Transportation 

State Highway 51 runs north-south through Clio, and State Highway 10 runs east-west.

Events and Places of Interest 

The Clio Museum of Moonshine features a small display on the city's history. Blue Springs State Park is located just east of the town and offers camping and picnic facilities, swimming in spring-fed pools, and sporting fields.

Additional Resources 

Barbour County Heritage Book Committee. Heritage of Barbour County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2001.

Hunt, Lee. A Town Called Clio. Montgomery, Ala.: Black Belt Press, 1998.

Jackson, Alta L. Clio, Alabama: A History. N.p.: n.p., 1979.

James P. Kaetz
Auburn University


Published June 1, 2012
Last updated August 9, 2012