The first settler in what is now Woodville was Tennessee native Henry Derrick in 1815; the town was initially known as Old Woodville and was named for residents Richard and Annie Wood. The town was officially established as Woodville by an act of the Alabama State Legislature on December 13, 1819, one day before Alabama became a state. At its founding, it was set within the borders of Decatur County and was made the county seat in 1821. Decatur County was dissolved and merged into Jackson County the following year, however.
Located on a trade route between Huntsville and Scottsboro, Woodville was a mercantile and trading center for local farmers. In 1869, the town was the site of a gun battle between two warring local families that left two participants dead. The Nashville, Chattanooga, and St. Louis Railway built a line through the town in the 1870s. The first school, Green Academy, was built just outside the town center in 1890 on the top of nearby Cumberland Mountain. Woodville was incorporated on May 12, 1890, but lost its charter seven years later. It was again incorporated in 1912.
According to the 2010 Census, Woodville had a population of 746. Of that number, 94.0 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 2.3 percent as two or more races, 2.3 percent as Hispanic, 0.5 percent as black, 2.0 as Native American, and 0.3 percent as Asian. The town's median household income, according to the 2010 Census, was $39,167, and the per capita income was $18,174.
According to the 2010 Census, the work force in Woodville was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Manufacturing (30.0 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (24.7 percent)
· Transportation, warehousing, and utilities (10.2 percent)
· Retail trade (9.7 percent)
· Construction (5.6 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (5.1 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (4.3 percent)
· Public administration (3.3 percent)
· Professional, scientific, and administrative and waste management services (2.5 percent)
· Wholesale trade (2.0 percent)
· Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (1.5 percent)
· Information (1.0 percent)
Woodville has one public school, Woodville High School, which serves grades K-12. It has approximately 510 students and employs approximately 28 teachers.
Woodville is served by State Highway 35, which runs northeast-southwest through the town, and U.S. Highway 72, which runs east-west along the southern edge of the town.
Events and Places of Interest
The Bob Jones Community Center is named in honor of state congressman Bob Jones, of Woodville, and houses banquet facilities with a full kitchen. The 1909 building also houses the collections of the Woodville Historical Center, focusing on the history of the town. Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge is located just northeast of the town.
Published April 5, 2012
Last updated March 15, 2013