Daleville is located in southwest Dale County, in the southeast corner of the state. The town is located adjacent to the southern border of Fort Rucker, the primary training center for Army Aviation, and is home to the U.S. Army Aviation Museum. The town is known as "The Gateway to Fort Rucker."
Daleville and Dale County were named in honor of Samuel Dale, a frontiersman, soldier, and public servant who participated in the Creek War of 1813-14. The town was established in 1827 as the county seat, as it was at the time in the geographical center of the county; initially it was named Dale Court House. By 1843, as county boundaries changed with the creation of new counties around Dale County, its county seat was moved from Dale Court House to Newton and finally to Ozark. After several name changes, the town adopted Daleville as its official name in 1848.
In 1900, a railroad spur ran into the town, and it briefly became a cotton shipping center because of the existence of two cotton gins in the area. A post office was established in 1905, and the first bank was established in 1911. The town voted to incorporate in 1912 but voted to rescind that incorporation four years later.
During the 1930s, the federal government purchased land around Daleville as part of New Deal land conservation efforts. When World War II broke out, the government purchased more land and established an infantry training camp that would form the core of what is now Fort Rucker. Since that time, Daleville's economic well-being has depended primarily on the fortunes of the fort and its programs. Daleville voted to incorporate again in 1958.
Daleville's population according to the 2010 Census was 5,295. Of that number, 66.2 percent identified themselves as white, 22.6 percent as African American, 10.1 percent as Hispanic, 4.3 percent as two or more races, 2.7 percent as Asian, and 1.1 percent as Native American. The town's median household income according to 2010 estimates was $47,536, and the per capita income was $23,663.
Daleville's workforce, according to 2010 estimates, was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (17.0 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (15.8 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (11.5 percent)
· Manufacturing (8.6 percent)
· Public administration (8.5 percent)
· Retail trade (8.5 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (8.2 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (8.1 percent)
· Construction (6.2 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (5.1 percent)
· Information (1.6 percent)
· Wholesale trade (0.8 percent)
Schools in Daleville are part of the Daleville City School District; the town has approximately 837 students and 59 teachers in one elementary school and one high school.
State Highway 85 runs north-south through Daleville, and State Highway 134 runs east-west. U.S. Highway 84 lies less than a mile south of the city, running east-west. Enterprise Municipal Airport is located less than 10 miles to the west.
Events and Places of Interest
Daleville has two parks with tennis courts, walking tracks, softball and baseball fields, and a pavilion and picnic area.
The Daleville Community Center offers a basketball gymnasium, outdoor basketball courts, and two baseball fields, as well
as meeting rooms.
Dale County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Dale County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc., 2001.
McGee, Val. L. Claybank Memories: A History of Dale County, Alabama. Ozark, Ala.: Dale County Historical Society, 1989.
Watson, Fred S. Forgotten Trails: A History of Dale County, Alabama, 1824-1966. Edited by William R. Snell. Birmingham, Ala.: Banner Press, 1968.
James P. Kaetz
Published February 24, 2012
Last updated March 21, 2013