Phil Campbell


Phil Campbell is located in eastern Franklin County, in northwest Alabama. It is the only municipality in Alabama bearing both the first and last names of an individual. The town is the home of Billy Sherrill, an influential country music producer and Country Music Hall of Fame member. Phil Campbell suffered devastating damage during the tornado outbreak that struck Alabama in April 2011.

History 

The town's distinctive name comes from Phil Campbell, a railroad construction superintendent who worked throughout northwest Alabama during the 1880s and 1890s. Campbell oversaw the building of the Sheffield, Birmingham, and Tennessee Railroad (later the North Alabama Railway), an important artery connecting the iron ore mined in the Birmingham District to the blast furnaces under construction in Sheffield. In 1886, as Campbell's team extended the tracks south from Sheffield into Franklin County, he was approached by Mel Allen, the owner of a general store in an unnamed settlement southeast of Russellville. Allen promised Campbell that if he brought the railroad through the young town, the community would be named in his honor. Campbell accepted the offer, and the town was named Phil Campbell. Campbell was manager of the railroad throughout the 1890s and served as mayor of Sheffield from 1893 to 1895.

The community benefited from the arrival of the railroad, which brought trains through the town four times daily. However, the population increased slowly; by the time of its incorporation in 1911—15 years after its founding—Phil Campbell had a population of only 300. The town continued to grow steadily throughout the twentieth century. The first school was built in 1911 and a now-defunct newspaper, The Phil Camp bell News, was established in 1920.

Wreckage from the touchdown of an Phil Campbell Tornado DamageOn April 27, 2011, an EF-5 tornado with 210 mph winds ravaged Phil Campbell after touching down in northeastern Marion County, then winding its way into Franklin County and directly through the town. In the wake of the disaster, National Weather Survey crews noted extensive damage from the intersection of County Road 51 and Alabama Highway 237 to the intersection of County Road 81 and County Road 75. The tornado killed 28 people in the vicinity of Phil Campbell and destroyed nearly a third of residents' homes. Property damage was estimated at $119 million.

Demographics 

The 2010 census reports Phil Campbell's population as 1,148. Of those, 95.2 percent identified themselves as white, 4.0 percent as Hispanic, 1.2 percent as two or more races, 0.4 percent as Native American, and 0.2 percent as black. According to the 2010 Census estimates, Phil Campbell's median household income was $24,886, and per capita income was $14,174.

Employment 

According to 2010 Census estimates, the work force in 2009 was divided among the following industrial categories:

· Manufacturing (32.9 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (20.1   percent)
· Construction (14.7 percent)
· Retail trade (8.2 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (5.9 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (5.4 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services   (3.4 percent)
· Public administration (3.4 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (2.5 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (1.4 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (1.1 percent)
· Wholesale trade (0.8 percent)

The top employers in Phil Campbell are Norfolk Southern, the Northwest Alabama Gas District, Northwest-Shoals Community College, and various transport companies.

Education 

Phil Campbell is served by the Franklin County School System and has one elementary school and one high school serving 851 students with 55 teachers. A branch campus of Northwest-Shoals Community College in Phil Campbell offers academic programs, technical training, and other student and community services.

Transportation 

Phil Campbell is bisected by State Highway 13/5, which runs north-south. To the north, State Highway 13/5 joins U.S. Highway 43, which connects Phil Campbell to Russellville, the seat of Franklin County, and Hamilton, the seat of Marion County. To the south, State Highway 13/5 connects the town to Haleyville, the largest city in Winston County. Russellville Municipal Airport is located 9 miles north of Phil Campbell via State Highway 243.

Events and Places of Interest 

In 1995, writer Phil Campbell, from New York City, organized a Phil Campbell Convention in the town. Around 20 people from across the country named Phil or Phyllis Campbell attended. Over the next few years, the event transformed into an annual Downtown Hoedown held in the spring or summer. In June 2011, after the devastation of the April tornado, Phil Campbell once again welcomed people named Phil Campbell—this time from all over the world—to participate in the combined Downtown Hoedown and Phil Campbell Convention. In addition to its usual activities, the event included fundraisers that contributed to the community's post-tornado relief efforts.

Dismals Canyon, Dismals Canyon, in southern Franklin County, is a Dismals Canyona natural sandstone gorge designated as a National Natural Landmark, is located approximately six miles west of Phil Campbell on Highway 8. The privately owned canyon is notable as a haven for North America's largest-known population of Orfelia fultoni —a species of fungus gnat whose larvae emit a bioluminescent glow. Dismals Canyon also purportedly provided a hiding place for outlaws, including prominent fugitives Aaron Burr and Jesse James.

Additional Resources 

Hester, Johnny. Facts and Fables of Franklin County. N.p., 1948.

Oliver, Mike. "Hackleburg, Phil Campbell Mourning with Plans to Rebuild after Alabama Tornadoes." The Birmingham News, 4 May 2011; http://blog.al.com/spotnews/2011/05/hackleburg_phil_campbell_mourn.html.

Severson, Kim. "In the Town of Phil Campbell, a Gathering of Phil Campbells." The New York Times, 17 June 2011; http://www.nytimes.com/2011/06/18/us/18alabama.html.

The Heritage of Franklin County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1999.

Grant D. Hiatt
Auburn University


Published January 27, 2012
Last updated April 20, 2012