The seat of Blount County, Oneonta was incorporated in February 1891 and has a mayor council form of government. The town was named for Oneonta, New York, by an early resident.
The original county seat was located in Blountsville from 1819 or 1820 to 1888. After Cullman County was created in 1877 from part of Blount County, Blountsville was no longer centrally located, and county residents voted to relocate the seat to Oneonta in 1888. The area had witnessed Andrew Jackson's and John Coffee's troops passing through during the Creek War of 1813-1814 and was settled by veterans of that conflict. The town itself had arisen with the arrival of the railroad in the 1880s. Many early buildings in town were covered in tin, which gave rise to the nickname "Tin City." Oneonta's proximity to various mineral deposits, including red iron ore, coal, limestone, and manganese, prompted some industrialization.
Oneonta’s population at the time of the 2010 Census was 6,567. Of that number, 84.1 percent identified themselves as white, 15.9 percent as Hispanic, 6.0 percent as African American, 1.3 percent as two or more races, 0.5 percent as Asian, and 0.5 percent as Native American. The city's median household income was $40,192, and per capita income was $18,951.
The workforce in present-day Oneonta is divided among the following occupational categories:
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (21.6 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services (15.4 percent)
· Manufacturing (13.3 percent)
· Retail trade (11.4 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (6.9 percent)
· Construction (6.8 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (5.9 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (4.7 percent)
· Information (3.9 percent)
· Public administration (3.4 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (2.7 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (2.6 percent)
· Wholesale trade (1.4 percent)
Public education is administered by the Oneonta City School system, which oversees a K-6th grade school and a 7th-12th grade school which enroll approximately 1,270 students and employ approximately 80 teachers.
Oneonta lies between Interstate 65 to the west and Interstate 59 to the east. U.S. Route 231 and State Road 53 access the city from the southeast and northwest, State Route 75 accesses the city from the southwest and northeast, and State Route 132 accesses the city from the northeast.
Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Oneonta are the Easely and Horton Mill covered bridges, which were in use from 1925 to 1949. Oneonta hosts a Covered Bridge Festival in October that features arts and craft shows, a golf tournament, and other activities. A number of buildings in Oneonta are listed in the Alabama Register of Landmarks and History, including the Murphree Log Cabin in Palisades Park (ca. 1819) and the Crump-Oliver Farm (ca. 1841). The 80-acre Palisades Park is noted for its large limestone and sandstone formations as well as the Compton School and Blackwood log cabin. The park also offers hiking trails, picnic shelters, and three buildings referred to as "lodges" available to rent for daytime activities. Other outdoor recreation facilities exist at Woodland Park and Oneonta Recreation Park.
The Blount County Memorial Museum is located in Oneonta on the courthouse square and displays items related to the county's
history as well as an archive containing numerous books and files. A Spring Fling is sponsored by the Oneonta Business Association,
typically in early June, and features entertainment, children's activities, and crafts and food sales. There are three 18-hole
public golf courses in Oneonta: Heritage Golf Course, Limestone Springs Golf Club, and Whispering Pines Golf Club.
Heritage of Blount County. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1999.
Published October 18, 2010
Last updated December 4, 2012