Moulton is the seat of Lawrence County and is located in the northwest corner of the state just north of the William B. Bankhead National Forest. It is named for Michael Moulton, a member of Gen. Andrew Jackson's forces who was killed in the Creek War of 1813-14. Moulton has a mayor-council form of government. The Moulton Advertiser, which began publication in 1828, is the oldest continuously published weekly newspaper in the state. Moulton was the birthplace of Holiness Movement founder Mary Lee Cagle and Confederate brigadier general Philip Roddey.
When Alabama became a state in December 1819, the only structure on the site of present-day Moulton was an inn. The site lay along several important east-west and north-south routes to Tennessee, south Alabama, Georgia, and Mississippi. After Alabama became a state, both the settlement of Moulton and the town of Courtland incorporated and began vying for selection as the county seat. After Gov. Thomas Bibb decreed that the county must choose the most centrally located city, Moulton was awarded the title. By the following year, a village had begun to spring up around the inn, including a log courthouse. During the early nineteenth century, most residents made their living by farming or as merchants in the town. The town hosted the Baptist Female Institute, a school for women that opened in 1852. In 1859, the original courthouse burned and was replaced with a brick building the following year. That structure was torn down in 1936 and replaced with the current courthouse.
The town expanded significantly in the mid-twentieth century, and manufacturing enterprises and other businesses located there. In 1974, a devastating tornado killed 28 and injured 272 people.
On April 27, 2011, a massive storm, causing numerous powerful tornadoes, struck the southeastern United States. More than 250 people were killed in Alabama, including one person in Moulton.
Moulton’s population at the time of the 2010 Census was 3,471. Of that number, 78.2 percent identified themselves as white, 13.1 percent as African American, 1.6 percent as Hispanic, 0.4 percent as Asian, 4.1 percent as two or more races, and 4.1 percent as Native American. The city's median household income was $38.456, and per capita income was $22,006.
The workforce in present-day Moulton is divided among the following occupational categories:
· Manufacturing (27.3 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (16.4 percent)
· Public administration (10.8 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation, and food services (10.1 percent)
· Retail trade (8.8 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste management services (8.7 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (6.1 percent)
· Construction (3.9 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (3.0 percent)
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (2.5 percent)
· Wholesale trade (1.8 percent)
· Information (0.6 percent)
Moulton is part of the Lawrence County Public School System. The city itself has one elementary school and one middle school serving approximately 1,090 students and employing approximately 65 teachers. The Lawrence County High School draws students from a multi-city area.
Moulton lies on State Road 33, which runs north-south through the city, and State Road 24, which runs east-west through the city, as does County Road 460. Henson Field Airport serves general aviation.
Events and Places of Interest
Moulton lies just north of the William B. Bankhead National Forest, which offers numerous opportunities for outdoor recreation. The Prairie Grove Glades, a Nature Conservancy preserve, offers visitors views of rare plants on 191 acres just outside Moulton. Also nearby are the Oakville Indian Mounds, which were built by Native Americans during the Woodland Period, some 2,000 years ago.
Events in Moulton include the Fiddle Fest held in August, the Chicken and Egg Festival each April, and the Antique and Strawberry
Festival in May. Also each May, the county celebrates the Annual Cherokee River Homecoming Indian Festival, which features
Native American crafts, foods, and games as well as dances and demonstrations of traditional activities.
The Heritage of Lawrence County. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1998.
Published September 20, 2010
Last updated June 20, 2013