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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Belk is located in southwestern Fayette County in the northwestern section of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
Belk was established on a line built by the Elyton and Aberdeen Railroad Company in 1887. Belk was known initially as Mulberry Tank Junction, but when the U.S. Postal Service moved the local office closer to the train depot in 1901, the name was changed to Belk. Early businesses in town included a general store and a grist mill powered by the waters of Luxapalila Creek. In order to qualify for federal grants to build a new water system and attract more industry, Belk citizens voted to incorporate in January 1969.
According to 2016 Census estimates, Belk recorded a population of 238. Of that number, 100.0 percent of respondents identified themselves as white. The town's median household income was $39,583, and the per capita income was $20,223.
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in Belk was divided among the following industrial categories:
  • Manufacturing (18.5 percent)
  • Retail trade (14.8 percent)
  • Educational services and health care and social assistance (12.3 percent)
  • Construction (11.1 percent)
  • Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (9.9 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (8.6 percent)
  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services (6.2 percent)
  • Other services, except public administration (6.2 percent)
  • Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (4.9 percent)
  • Public administration (4.9 percent)
  • Wholesale trade (2.5 percent)
Students in Belk attend Fayette County schools; no public schools are located within the town limits.
State Highway 96 runs the length of Belk, going northeast-southwest. The Luxapalila Railroad operates a 38-mile rail line from Belk to Columbus, Mississippi, that transports forest products and waste materials.
Events and Places of Interest
Belk holds a Bluegrass Festival during the fourth weekend in April, and the town maintains one municipal park.

Additional Resources

Newell, Herbert Moses, Jr., and Jeannie Patterson Newell. History of Fayette County, Alabama. Fayette, Ala.: Newell Offset Printing, 1960
Robertson, Evenly Walker, ed. Sesquicentennial History of Fayette County. Volume 1. Fayette, Ala.: Fayette County Historical Society, 1969.
Published:  November 22, 2013   |   Last updated:  October 28, 2021