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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Colony is located in southeast Cullman County in the north-central part of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
Colony is Cullman County's only majority African American community. It was settled originally during Reconstruction by former enslaved individuals who received land as compensation for their enslavement by filing a claim in Huntsville, Madison County. More than 8,000 acres came under cultivation in the area.
Primarily a farming community in its early years, Colony also had a cotton gin, a saw mill, and a grist mill, as well as a general store and a Masonic Lodge. The community built a school in 1927, which originally covered grades 1-7. By 1941, it had expanded to include grades 8-12. Colony was incorporated in 1981.
According to 2016 Census estimates, Colony recorded a population of 339. Of that number, 87.0 percent of respondents identified themselves as African American, 8.3 percent as white, 4.7 percent as two or more races, and 0.9 percent as Hispanic or Latino. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $34,018, and the per capita income was $19,278.
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in Colony was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Manufacturing (36.1 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (25.9 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (13.6 percent)
· Arts, entertainment, recreation, and accommodation and food services (6.1   percent)
· Public administration (5.4 percent)
· Retail trade (5.4 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (4.8 percent)
· Construction (1.4 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (0.7 percent)
· Wholesale trade (0.7 percent)
Students in Colony attend Cullman County schools; no public schools are located within the town limits.
State Highway 91 runs southwest-northeast through Colony and connects the town with north-south Interstate Highway 65 about a mile east of the town.
Events and Places of Interest
Colony maintains one municipal park that includes a walking trail and a baseball field. It also has a community center with an indoor basketball court.

Additional Resources

Cullman County Heritage Book Committee. Heritage of Cullman County, Alabama. Vols. I and II. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, Inc., 1999.
Jones, Margaret Jean. Combing Cullman County. Cullman, Ala.: Modernistic Printers, Inc., 1972.
Published:  April 4, 2013   |   Last updated:  January 11, 2019