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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Saraland is located in central Mobile County, in extreme southwest Alabama. It has a mayor-city council form of government.
Originally part of a Spanish land grant, the area on which Saraland now stands first was settled by squatters as early as 1800. The town's original name was Alvarez Station. Its present name reportedly came from a retired minister who established the first post office in the area in 1895; he dubbed the town Saraland after his wife.
Saraland remained a small community until the mid-twentieth century, when Mobile's expanding population began to spread into nearby communities. Saraland was incorporated in 1957 with 125 residents.
According to 2016 Census estimates, Saraland recorded a population of 13,778. Of that number, 83.1 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 10.0 percent as African American, 2.3 percent as Asian, 2.3 percent as two or more races, 2.0 percent as Hispanic, and 1.4 percent as American Indian. The town's median household income was $44,758, and the per capita income was $24,736.
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in Saraland was divided among the following industrial categories:
  • Educational services and health care and social assistance (22.5 percent)
  • Manufacturing (14.0 percent)
  • Retail trade (12.0 percent)
  • Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (9.3 percent)
  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services (8.3 percent)
  • Construction (6.4 percent)
  • Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (5.6 percent)
  • Public administration (5.6 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (5.3 percent)
  • Other services, except public administration (5.2 percent)
  • Wholesale trade (2.5 percent)
  • Information (1.7 percent)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extraction (1.6 percent)
Schools in Saraland are part of the Saraland City School System; the town has one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school.
Saraland is bisected by U.S. Highway 43 (north-south). Interstate 65 runs about two miles to the west of the city. The closest major airport to Saraland is the Mobile Regional Airport, approximately 10 miles to the south.
Events and Places of Interest
The Saraland Civic Center has space that can be rented for various social events. The city has 10 municipal parks, with some featuring only playground areas and others including basketball courts, baseball and softball fields, and football fields. The city sponsors youth sports leagues in baseball, softball, and football.
The town holds an annual Christmas Parade.

Additional Resources

Mobile County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Mobile County, Alabama. Clanton, Ala: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 2002.
Published:  July 15, 2011   |   Last updated:  October 30, 2020