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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Goshen is located in southwestern Pike County in the southeastern part of the state. It has a mayor/city council form of government.
Originally called Goshen Hill and located several miles from its current location, Goshen has been recognized as one of the oldest communities in Pike County, which organized in the 1820s. Elam Primitive Baptist Church, established in 1830, was one of the earliest institutions serving the town and county. Land around Goshen Hill was fertile enabling farmers to grow cotton, corn, peanuts, and hay for cattle. During the Civil War, the fields around Goshen Hill were used as training grounds for Confederate soldiers.
Goshen Hill was severely damaged in February 1884 when it was hit by a strong tornado, killing 26 people, including six students and a teacher in a brick schoolhouse, and injuring dozens. In 1890, the railroad came through the area, and Goshen Hill moved closer to the tracks, changing its name to Goshen and orienting itself around a public well in the center of the town. The railroad prompted an increase in population and expansion of the town that would include a new school, a cotton gin, sawmill, post office, and several new mercantile stores. A petition to incorporate Goshen was filed in 1905 and passed easily; for an unknown reason, it was filed again in 1907.
According to 2016 Census estimates, Goshen recorded a population of 343. Of that number, 88.9 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 9.3 percent as African American, 8.5 percent as Hispanic or Latino, and 1.2 percent as Native American. The town's median household income, according to 2010 estimates, was $41,563, and the per capita income was $18,646.
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in Goshen was divided among the following industrial categories:
· Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extractive (21.8 percent)
· Manufacturing (18.5 percent)
· Educational services, and health care and social assistance (13.7 percent)
· Construction (8.9 percent)
· Retail trade (8.9 percent)
· Wholesale trade (8.1 percent)
· Public administration (5.6 percent)
· Professional, scientific, management, and administrative and waste   management services (4.8 percent)
· Transportation and warehousing and utilities (4.8 percent)
· Other services, except public administration (3.2 percent)
· Finance, insurance, and real estate, rental, and leasing (1.6 percent)
Schools in Goshen are part of the Pike County school system; the town has approximately 930 students and 62 teachers in one K-6 elementary school and one 7-12 high school.
County Highway 28 exits Goshen running roughly southeast; just outside of town it intersects County Highway 61, which runs straight south. State Highway 28 lies three miles northwest of Goshen, running northeast-southwest. The Conecuh Valley Railroad, a subsidiary of Genesee & Wyoming Inc., operates a 12-mile line from Troy to Goshen.
Events and Places of Interest
The Pike County Historical and Genealogical Society is located in Goshen. The Elam Primitive Baptist Church is located north of Goshen; its annual Sacred Harp Singing has been held for more than 100 years.

Additional Resources

Farmer, Margaret Pace. One Hundred Fifty Years in Pike County, Alabama, 1821-1971. Anniston, Ala.: Higginbotham, 1973.
Published:  August 22, 2016   |   Last updated:  August 22, 2016