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James P. Kaetz, Auburn University
Lexington is located in northeastern Lauderdale County in the far northwest part of the state, on the Alabama/Tennessee line. It has a mayor/council form of government.
Lexington Town Hall
The town of Lexington was originally established on the site of four 40-acre parcels of land purchased by early settler Lewis Marshall, who arrived in 1818. The origin of the town's name is uncertain; it might have been named after Lexington, Massachusetts, or it might have been named after the Lexington District in South Carolina, as Marshall may have been from that district.
The first town center was established around 1853. Lexington suffered badly during the Civil War, with a number of homes, churches, and businesses burned by Union forces. The town recovered economically after Reconstruction. Its first public school was built in 1907 on land donated by local businessman Andrew Lee. The school was superseded by a new building in 1923. Lexington incorporated in 1959.
According to 2016 Census estimates, Lexington recorded a population of 683. Of that number, 95.5 percent of respondents identified themselves as white, 2.5 percent as African American, 2.0 percent as Hispanic, and 2.0 percent as two or more races. The town's median household income was $37,917, and the per capita income was $19,989.
According to 2016 Census estimates, the workforce in Lexington was divided among the following industrial categories:
  • Manufacturing (19.2 percent)
  • Retail trade (14.0 percent)
  • Educational services and health care and social assistance (13.6 percent)
  • Arts, entertainment, and recreation, and accommodation and food services (12.4 percent)
  • Construction (8.4 percent)
  • Finance and insurance, and real estate and rental and leasing (7.2 percent)
  • Professional, scientific, and management, and administrative and waste management services (6.4 percent)
  • Other services, except public administration (5.6 percent)
  • Transportation and warehousing, and utilities (5.6 percent)
  • Wholesale trade (4.8 percent)
  • Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and extraction (1.2 percent)
  • Public administration (1.2 percent)
  • Information (0.4 percent)
Schools in Lexington are part of the Lauderdale County school system; the town has one K-12 school.
A. L. Phillips Park
State Highway 64 bisects Lexington going east-west and State Highway 101 runs through town roughly north-south. County Road 71 runs southwest from town.
Events and Places of Interest
Wilson Lake and Wheeler Lake are both located about 10 miles south of town. The town maintains two city parks with playground equipment, a city pool, tennis courts, and a walking trail. Lexington holds a Founder's Day Celebration every September. It also holds an annual horse show.

Additional Resources

Johnson, Fred. I'm from Lexington: Alabama Reunion, '89. Lexington, Ala.: Town of Lexington, 1989.
Lauderdale County Heritage Book Committee. The Heritage of Lauderdale County. Clanton, Ala.: Heritage Publishing Consultants, 1999.
Published:  June 21, 2013   |   Last updated:  September 4, 2020